Importance of Cloud Computing Cybersecurity

February 22, 2021

The world has undergone major transformations due to the pandemic. People have had to adapt to new remote work methodologies and the use of technologies that were not so widely used before, such as Cloud Computing. Defined as the process of storing and processing data and programs over the internet, Cloud Computing is the perfect alternative to stop using hard drives or physical servers.

At the business level, Cloud Computing is especially important, as it provides the necessary resources to work even when outside the office, which makes companies more competitive and productive.

The intention of this article is to emphasize the importance of protecting Cloud Computing to take advantage of its benefits without neglecting the integrity of companies.

Advantages of cloud computing:

  • Mobility and Reliability: It facilitates accessibility, enabling remote work/collaboration and assures you access to files regardless of your location.
  • Globalization: Eliminates barriers, allowing business relationships to be maintained from anywhere around the world.
  • Time management: Optimizes all the processes and speeds up productivity. Makes use of your service quickly in fewer clicks.
  • Cost savings and Scalability: Helps you save substantial capital costs since investing in physical hardware is not necessary, nor is training personnel to maintain it.  Cloud computing has gone from acquiring new equipment and hardware to expanding a company's data storage space in the cloud, which capacity is almost limitless.
  • Improved productivity: It facilitates processes and workflows.

Regardless of the benefits, organizations should promote good practices to ensure their security in the cloud. Its popularity has been increasing, starting with simple storage repositories such as OneDrive, Google Drive, Dropbox, etc. to the Google SaaS services associated with Gmail accounts, and ending with traditional hosting or more specialized PaaS and IaaS services.

Sadly, this innovative technology is not exempt from security threats and attacks from hackers seeking to steal important data for selfish and lucrative purposes.

Some of the challenges facing cybersecurity in the cloud are, in a scale: Data loss (64%), data privacy (62%), followed by accidental credential leakage (39%) linked to compliance issues (39%). - Cypress Data Defense

Threats:

  • Human factor: It occupies the widest part in the risk pyramid, and it is the most important in terms of volume. The threat posed by users is by far the most important risk factor.
  • Session hijackings: These types of attacks allow hackers to gain access to your system through staff credential, potentially having full access to all of the information on your servers. It is advisable that companies apply two-factor authentication techniques and monitor sessions for malicious or unusual activities.
  • Data breaches: Data breaches originate issues of leaks and data loss that could cause your business to face heavy fines.
  • Denial of service: DoS can shut down your cloud services and make them unavailable both to your users and customers, but also to your staff and business as a whole.
  • Insider threats: Due to negligence, simple human error, or employees’ rogue. Provide your staff with training and track behaviors to ensure that nothing is odd.
  • Insecure applications: Your cybersecurity team needs to make sure that requested applications are suitable for your network before they have it installed.
  • Inadequate training: It is essential to invest in training on the risks of cyberattacks for all members of your staff, since they are your first line of defense against any kind of data breach or cyber-attacks. Allocate time, allocate budget, and make sure training is updated.

Best practices:

  1. Implement Strong User Access Control.
  2. Use SSH Keys and Securely Store Keys.
  3. Implement Encryption in the Cloud.
  4. Perform Routine Penetration Tests.
  5. Hardened and Controlled Images.
  6. Implement Multi-Factor Authentication.
  7. Scan Vulnerabilities and Unapproved Hardening Processes.
  8. Improve Training in Employees and All The Staff.
  9. Backup Cloud Data.

Despite the fact that Cloud Computing is increasingly popular and that it has solved many business problems, it is important to note that it can also be a double-edged sword if the proper cybersecurity procedures are not established and if companies do not invest in providing the proper training.

At THETA432 ™ we care about creating the best defense and protection mechanisms against malicious attacks that compromise the IT infrastructure in the Cloud Computing of companies. We also train your staff to recognize attacks, know how to avoid, and respond to them.
Learn about our services, request a demo TODAY!

References:

  1. Kosten, S. (2020, September 07). What You Need to Know About Cyber Security in the Cloud. Retrieved 2021, February 15; from: https://towardsdatascience.com/what-you-need-to-know-about-cyber-security-in-the-cloud-63621f128417
  2. CIO. (2020, July 15). Why cloud needs a new approach to cybersecurity. Retrieved 2021, February 15; from: https://www.cio.com/article/3563343/why-cloud-needs-a-new-approach-to-cybersecurity.html
  3. Avey, C. (2019, September 19). 7 Key Cybersecurity Threats to Cloud Computing. Retrieved 2021, February 15; from:   https://cloudacademy.com/blog/key-cybersecurity-threats-to-cloud-computing/
  4. Griffith, E. (2020, June) What Is Cloud Computing? Retrieved from https://www.pcmag.com/news/what-is-cloud-computing

Authored by
Jorge Daniel Tejeda